Contraception stands as a cornerstone of modern reproductive healthcare, offering individuals and couples the means to control their fertility and plan their families according to their own desires and circumstances.
These methods come in various forms, ranging from hormonal options like birth control pills to barrier methods such as condoms and intrauterine devices (IUDs).

Take Charge of Your Reproductive Health with Contraceptives. call now : +91 9667064100


Contraceptive Method Usage Statistics:

In India, female sterilization predominates as the primary contraceptive method, especially in rural settings. Male sterilization, oral contraceptives, condoms, injectables, and intrauterine devices (IUDs) are also prevalent, with usage influenced by regional and socio-economic factors. Access to and acceptance of these methods vary, reflecting diverse cultural attitudes and levels of healthcare infrastructure across the country.


Types Of Family Planning(Contraceptive) Methods:

With the multitude of different methods of baby planning available, here are some commonly utilized approaches to contraception, Ranging from temporary contraceptive methods to permanent contraceptive methods.


1) Barrier Methods:

Barrier methods create a physical barrier to prevent sperm from reaching the egg. They are easily accessible and offer protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Condoms: Condoms are one of the most widely used contraceptive methods. They create a physical barrier, preventing sperm from reaching the egg. They also offer protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), making them a dual-purpose method.

Diaphragms and Cervical Caps: These dome-shaped devices are inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix, blocking sperm from entering the uterus. They are less commonly used than condoms but can be effective when used correctly.


2) Hormonal Methods:

Hormonal methods use synthetic hormones to prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus, and/or thin the uterine lining to inhibit pregnancy.

Birth Control Pills: Oral contraceptives contain synthetic hormones that prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus to inhibit sperm movement, and thin the uterine lining. They are highly effective when taken consistently but require daily adherence.

Birth Control Patch: This thin, adhesive patch releases hormones similar to those in birth control pills. It's applied once a week for three weeks, followed by one week without a patch.

Birth Control Shot: The contraceptive injection contains a progestin hormone that prevents ovulation and thickens cervical mucus. It's administered every three months and offers long-lasting contraception.

Birth Control Implant: A small, flexible rod inserted under the skin of the upper arm releases progestin to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus. It provides up to three years of contraception and is highly effective.


3) Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC):

LARC methods offer long-term contraception with minimal user intervention.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs): IUDs are T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider. They can be hormonal or non-hormonal and offer several years of contraceptive protection.

Birth Control Implant: As mentioned earlier, the birth control implant is a LARC method that provides long-term contraception with minimal user intervention.


4) Permanent Methods:

Permanent methods involve surgical procedures to permanently prevent pregnancy.

Tubal Ligation: Also known as "getting your tubes tied," tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that permanently blocks or removes the fallopian tubes, preventing eggs from reaching the uterus.

Vasectomy: This surgical procedure for male sterilization involves cutting or sealing the vas deferens to prevent sperm from being ejaculated.


5) Natural Contraceptive Methods:

Natural contraceptive methods involve tracking menstrual cycles and observing fertility signs to determine fertile days and avoid unprotected intercourse.

Fertility Awareness Methods: These involve tracking menstrual cycles, monitoring basal body temperature, and observing changes in cervical mucus to identify fertile days and avoid unprotected intercourse.

Withdrawal (Pull-out Method): This method involves withdrawing the penis from the vagina before ejaculation to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. However, it's one of the least effective contraceptive methods and doesn't protect against STIs.


Effectiveness And Reliability Of Contraceptives

Contraceptives are essential tools for family planning, offering individuals and couples the ability to control their reproductive choices. Their effectiveness and reliability vary depending on the method used, ranging from hormonal pills to long-acting devices like IUDs. While contraceptives can greatly reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies when used correctly, factors such as user error and medical conditions can influence their reliability. Therefore, it's crucial for individuals to have access to accurate information and support to make informed decisions about their contraceptive choices.


Benefits Of Family Planning Methods

Different methods of family planning including natural family planning methods have different benefits. Some of them are listed below.


  • Preventing Unintended Pregnancies: Family planning methods help individuals and couples avoid pregnancies when they're not ready, allowing them to plan and space pregnancies according to their preferences.


  • Empowerment of Women: Access to family planning gives women control over their reproductive health, enabling them to pursue education, employment, and other opportunities, leading to greater gender equality and socioeconomic development.


  • Healthier Outcomes: Family planning contributes to better maternal and child health by allowing women to delay pregnancies until they're physically and emotionally ready, reducing the risk of complications.


  • Economic Stability: By enabling families to plan the size of their families, family planning promotes education, economic stability, and better resource allocation, leading to improved living standards.


  • Reduced Abortion Rates: Effective natural family planning methods help reduce the need for abortion by preventing unintended pregnancies, promoting safe and legal reproductive healthcare practices.


  • Environmental Sustainability: Family planning contributes to environmental sustainability by stabilizing population growth, reducing strain on natural resources, and promoting a more sustainable use of resources for future generations.


Side Effects And Risks

1) Potential Side Effects:

  • Every contraceptive method may have associated side effects that vary from person to person.
  • Common side effects include nausea, headaches, changes in menstrual bleeding patterns, and breast tenderness.
  • Some methods, such as hormonal contraceptives, may also cause mood swings, weight changes, or decreased libido in some individuals.


2) Health Risks:

  • Certain contraceptives may pose health risks, particularly for individuals with specific medical conditions.
  • For example, hormonal contraceptives may increase the risk of blood clots, particularly in individuals with a history of clotting disorders or smoking.
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs) carry a risk of pelvic infection, particularly in the weeks following insertion.

3) Long-Term Implications:

  • Some contraceptive methods may have long-term implications for fertility or reproductive health.
  • For instance, certain hormonal contraceptives may take time to fully restore fertility after discontinuation.
  • In rare cases, tubal ligation or vasectomy, permanent contraceptive methods, may lead to regret or desire for reversal in the future.

4) Allergic Reactions:

  • Allergic reactions to contraceptive methods are rare but possible.
  • Individuals with known allergies to specific ingredients in contraceptives, such as latex or certain metals used in contraceptive devices, should consult healthcare providers for alternative options.

5) Interactions with Medications:

  • Some contraceptives may interact with other medications, potentially reducing their effectiveness or causing adverse reactions.
  • It's essential to inform healthcare providers about all medications and supplements being taken to ensure safe and appropriate contraceptive use


6) Ectopic Pregnancy Risk:

  • While rare, certain contraceptive methods, such as tubal ligation or IUDs, may slightly increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, typically in the fallopian tubes, and can be a medical emergency if not detected and treated promptly.


7) Psychological Effects:

  • Changes in mood or emotional well-being may occur with some contraceptive methods, particularly those containing hormones.
  • Individuals experiencing significant psychological side effects should discuss alternative options with healthcare providers.

Choosing The Right Contraceptive Method

When it comes to family planning methods, choosing the right contraceptive method is a decision influenced by various factors. Below are some key factors to consider when selecting a contraceptive method that suits your circumstances and preferences.


  • Personal Preferences and Lifestyle: Consider sexual activity frequency, hormone-free preferences, and comfort with long-term contraceptive methods.
  • Medical History and Health Conditions: Account for existing health conditions or medications that may interact with contraceptives, consulting a healthcare provider for guidance.
  • Effectiveness: Assess contraceptive success rates and weigh pros and cons for preventing unintended pregnancies.
  • Cost and Accessibility: Evaluate affordability, availability, insurance coverage, and accessibility of contraceptive options.
  • Potential Side Effects: Understand side effects and long-term implications, assessing acceptable risk levels.
  • Future Fertility Plans: Consider alignment of chosen contraceptive method with long-term reproductive goals.
  • Partner Involvement: Discuss contraceptive options with partners, considering their preferences and concerns.
  • Cultural and Religious Beliefs: Account for cultural and religious beliefs influencing contraceptive choices.
  • Ease of Use: Evaluate ease of use and convenience, including administration frequency and maintenance requirements.
  • Backup Plan: Have a contingency plan for contraceptive failure or ineffectiveness, ready to adjust choices as needed.


Contraception Myths And Facts

In a world where contraception is crucial for reproductive health, misconceptions often overshadow the facts. Let's debunk some common myths:

1. Myth: Contraception leads to infertility.
        Fact: Most methods don't affect fertility long-term.

2. Myth: Contraception is 100% effective.
        Fact: No method is foolproof, though efficacy rates vary.

3. Myth: Contraception is solely a woman's responsibility.
        Fact: Men have contraceptive options too.

4. Myth: Contraception causes weight gain.
        Fact: Research suggests it's not a direct cause.

5. Myth: Contraception protects against STIs.
        Fact: Most methods only prevent pregnancy.

6. Myth: Contraception isn't safe for adolescents.
        Fact: It's generally safe and vital for preventing unintended pregnancies.

Dispelling these myths promotes informed choices, better reproductive health, and empowered lives. Consulting a healthcare provider, such as a gynecologist at a best hospital, can provide accurate information and support for making decisions about contraception.


Contraception And Sexual Health Education

Sexual health education, which includes information about contraception, is essential for empowering individuals to make informed decisions about their reproductive health. It equips them with knowledge about different contraception methods, their effectiveness, and how to use them correctly. This education fosters open communication, encourages responsible sexual behaviour, and reduces the risk of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. Overall, incorporating contraception education into sexual health curricula is crucial for promoting healthier outcomes and relationships.

Protect Your Present, Secure Your Future with Contraceptives. ask a free question : +91 9667064100




Contraceptive methods differ in effectiveness and risks. Barrier methods such as condoms offer protection against STIs, while hormonal options regulate cycles but may have side effects. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are highly effective but carry minimal risks. Sterilization is permanent, while fertility awareness requires careful tracking. Withdrawal is not very reliable, and emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Consulting a healthcare provider is crucial for selecting the right method and accessing contraception services.

At Felix Hospital, our dedicated team provides personalized contraceptive counselling and a wide range of services to empower you in making informed decisions about your reproductive health. From education to support, we're committed to guiding you through every step, ensuring your well-being and satisfaction are our top priorities.


Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQs ):

1. What are some natural contraceptive methods?

ANS - Natural contraceptive methods include fertility awareness methods such as tracking menstrual cycles, monitoring basal body temperature, and checking cervical mucus consistency.


2. What are examples of temporary contraceptive methods?

ANS - Temporary contraceptive methods include barrier methods like condoms and diaphragms, hormonal methods like birth control pills and patches, as well as intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive injections.


3. What are the options for permanent contraceptive methods?

ANS - Permanent contraceptive methods include sterilization procedures such as tubal ligation for women and vasectomy for men.


4. Can contraceptive pills lead to infertility?

ANS - Contraceptive pills are generally safe and effective for preventing pregnancy. However, after discontinuing their use, fertility typically returns to normal within a few menstrual cycles.


5. Is the use of contraceptives morally justified?

ANS - The morality of contraceptive use varies depending on individual beliefs and cultural norms. Many people view contraceptives as a responsible way to plan and space pregnancies, promote reproductive autonomy, and improve overall well-being.


6. Where can I obtain emergency contraceptive pills?

ANS - Emergency contraceptive pills, also known as the morning-after pill, are available at pharmacies, family planning clinics, and sometimes even without a prescription from healthcare providers.


7. Why is Saheli considered a popular contraceptive pill?

ANS - Saheli is a non-hormonal contraceptive pill that is well-accepted due to its effectiveness, minimal side effects, and non-interference with natural hormonal processes. It provides a reliable option for contraception without the hormonal fluctuations associated with traditional birth control pills.


8. Is Today contraceptive safe for use?

ANS - Today contraceptives are generally considered safe when used as directed. However, like any medication, it may have potential side effects or risks. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider to determine if Today contraceptive is suitable for individual needs and circumstances.


Request an Appointment

* By clicking on the above button you agree to receive updates on WhatsApp