YES, Mumps Disease can be prevented. Mumps is a contagious viral infection that primarily affects the salivary glands, causing them to swell. It is caused by the mumps virus, which is spread through respiratory droplets or saliva from an infected person.

The main sign of mumps is swollen and tender glands near the ears, which can make the face look puffy like a hamster's. Sometimes, it can lead to other problems like swollen testicles in guys, swollen ovaries in girls.


What Is Mumps Disease?

Mumps is a contagious viral infection that primarily affects the salivary glands, causing them to swell. It is caused by the mumps virus, which is spread through respiratory droplets or saliva from an infected person and now A surge in the cases of mumps is being seen in several Indian states including Delhi NCR. Earlier this disease used to occur in children for which we went to children's hospital but now it is seen in adults also and even young adults are facing it  According to government data, this year, the case tally has reached 15,637, as of March 2024. Mumps occurs worldwide, with 500,000 cases reported on average annually.


Who Does The Mumps Disease Affect?

Mumps primarily affects children between the ages of 2 and 12, although adolescents and adults who haven't been vaccinated can also be affected. Even vaccinated individuals can catch the virus as their immunity weakens over time. This underscores the importance of vaccination as the best form of defense.

Your child's health is our mission , let's conquer mumps together. Reach out to us at +91 9667064100.


Are There Any Types Of Mumps Disease?

Mumps is mainly caused by a single virus, but sometimes it can lead to other problems like meningitis or inflammation of organs. This can make the symptoms of mumps different for each person. So, while mumps itself is one illness caused by a virus, the additional complications can make it more complicated.


Is Mumps Contagious?

Indeed, mumps is highly contagious due to its viral nature. If your child contracts mumps, they become contagious a few days before their glands swell and can remain so for up to five days after the swelling occurs. Consequently, it's crucial for your child to limit contact with others during this period. It's advisable for them to refrain from attending school or childcare. Remarkably, up to one-third of individuals with mumps exhibit no symptoms, yet they can still transmit the infection to others.

Symptoms Of Mumps Disease:

Mumps is a contagious viral infection that can show various symptoms of mumps in adults and kids, sometimes starting with mild signs or even no symptoms at all. It's important to recognize these mumps symptoms early for proper detection and treatment. The common symptoms of mumps include; 


  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swollen Parotid gland.

Incubation Period:

The incubation period for mumps, which is the time between exposure to the virus and the onset of symptoms, typically ranges from 12 to 25 days, with an average of around 16-18 days. However, it can vary from person to person. During this time, it’s not necessary to show any mumps symptoms in adults but can still spread the virus to others.


Causes Of Mumps Disease:

Mumps is primarily caused by the mumps virus, which belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae. The virus is highly contagious and spreads through respiratory droplets, such as when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The main causes of mumps include:


  • Touching directly
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Breathing out droplets 
  • Being unhygienic
  • Insufficient vaccination
  • Weak immune systems


Risk Associated With Mumps Disease:

There are potential health risks associated with contracting mumps although, by taking precautions and seeking expert mumps treatment from hospitals like Felix, you can minimize or even totally tackle those risks. The potential health risks associated with mumps include; 


  • Swelling and Pain: Mumps primarily affect the salivary glands, causing painful swelling of the parotid glands, which are located just below the ears.
  • Complications: Mumps can lead to various complications, including meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), orchitis (inflammation of the testicles), oophoritis (inflammation of the ovaries), pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), and deafness.
  • Infertility: In males, mumps can cause orchitis, which may lead to a decrease in fertility, although this is rare.
  • Pregnancy Complications: Pregnant women who contract mumps may face an increased risk of miscarriage or pregnancy complications.
  • Hospitalization: Severe cases of mumps or complications may require hospitalization for treatment and monitoring.
  • Discomfort and Disruption: Mumps can cause significant discomfort, pain, and disruption to daily activities due to symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent mumps and its potential health risks. If you suspect you have mumps or have been exposed to someone with mumps, visit Felix hospital in Noida to seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and management.


Diagnosis And Tests:

Diagnosis and testing for mumps typically involve a combination of clinical evaluation, medical history review, virus detection and certain laboratory tests. Here's a breakdown:


  • Clinical Evaluation: A healthcare provider will examine the patient for common symptoms of mumps, including swollen and tender salivary glands (usually the parotid glands), fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
  • Medical History Review: The doctor will inquire about the patient's recent medical history, including any exposure to individuals with mumps or recent travel to areas where mumps outbreaks are occurring.
  • Mumps Virus Detection: During your examination for mumps, the doctor will typically conduct the most common diagnostic test, which involves detecting the presence of the mumps virus or antibodies against it. This helps to confirm the presence of the virus in your system and aids in determining the appropriate course of treatment.

Tests may include;

  • Swab Test: They might use a cotton swab to collect saliva or throat samples to check for the virus.
  • Blood Test: They may take a small amount of blood to see if your body has made antibodies to fight the virus.
  • Imaging: Sometimes, they might take pictures, like ultrasound or MRI scans, to see if the glands are swollen.

It's important to note that the diagnosis of mumps should be made by a healthcare professional, and testing should be performed in a clinical setting to ensure accurate results and appropriate management of the infection.

Treatment For Mumps Disease:

There is no specific antiviral medication to treat mumps, but there are measures to help manage symptoms and prevent complications:


  • Pain relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) can help alleviate fever and pain associated with mumps.
  • Hydration: Encourage the individual to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration, especially if they have a fever.
  • Rest: Adequate rest is important to help the body fight off the infection and promote recovery.
  • Warm or cold compresses: Applying warm or cold compresses to swollen glands can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Soft diet: Eating soft foods can help alleviate discomfort caused by swollen salivary glands. Avoid sour or acidic foods that may stimulate saliva production.
  • Isolation: Since mumps is highly contagious, it's important for infected individuals to stay isolated from others, especially during the period when they are most contagious, which is usually a few days before and after the onset of symptoms.

Complications of mumps in adults, including orchitis, meningitis, or encephalitis, may occur in some cases. Treatment for these complications, particularly female treatment for mumps, may require additional medical interventions such as pain management, anti-inflammatory medications, or, in severe instances, hospitalization.


It's important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and management of mumps, as well as to discuss any specific concerns or complications. Contact Felix Hospital to seek expert advice and proper treatment for mumps at +91 9667064100.


How To Treat Mumps In Adults?

Treatment typically involves taking pain relievers and staying well-hydrated. It may also include resting in bed, especially during the initial days of the illness. According to the CDC, adults should refrain from going to work for five days after their glands start to swell. Similarly, children should stay home from school until their symptoms improve. Both adults and children with mumps should try to limit contact with other household members. Practicing good hygiene, like washing hands thoroughly, covering the mouth when coughing or sneezing, and regularly cleaning frequently touched surfaces, is crucial for preventing the spread of the disease.


How Long Does It Take To Recover From Mumps?

For most people, recovery from mumps takes around 2 to 3 weeks. During the first week or so, the symptoms are usually most severe, including fever and swelling of the salivary glands. After this acute phase, symptoms gradually improve. However, some individuals may feel fatigued or weak for a bit longer. 

Rest, hydration, and avoiding close contact with others are essential during this time to aid recovery and prevent spreading the virus. If symptoms persist or worsen, seeking medical advice is recommended.

Prevention From Mumps Disease:

Preventing mumps is crucial, and the best way to do it is by getting vaccinated with the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine. Usually, you get two doses: the first one when you're 12-15 months old, and the second one when you're 4-6 years old. Sometimes, during outbreaks or for certain high-risk groups, you might need a third dose.

The MMR vaccine is considered safe, with rare side effects such as rash, fever, or local pain. Severe allergic reactions are exceedingly rare and should be reported to healthcare providers promptly.


Are There Any Complications Associated With Mumps?

Mumps is generally not too serious and tends to get better on its own within a few weeks. People usually go back to their routine activities once they start feeling better. However, in some cases, mumps can lead to more severe problems like arthritis, deafness, encephalitis, meningitis, or inflammation of reproductive organs or glands.

Although these complications are rare, they can be quite serious. That's why it's crucial for anyone who thinks they might have mumps, especially pregnant individuals, to see a doctor as soon as possible. Getting medical help quickly can lower the chances of these serious issues happening and make sure you stay as healthy as possible. It's better to be safe and get checked out by a doctor if you're worried about mumps.

When To Consult A Doctor?

If you have symptoms of mumps like, 


  • Swelling and pain in the salivary glands 
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite

It's important to consult a doctor as soon as possible. Mumps can sometimes lead to complications, especially in adults, such as meningitis, encephalitis, or orchitis. 

Moreover, if you suspect you have mumps, it's essential to consult a doctor at the general physician hospital to prevent transmitting the virus to others, given its high contagiousness. Your doctor can offer advice on symptom management and measures to curb the virus's spread.



In conclusion, even though we have vaccines for mumps, it's still a worrisome illness. Especially in adults, it can lead to serious problems. So, it's really important to get medical help quickly and follow guidelines to prevent spreading it. Recognizing symptoms early, seeing a doctor right away, and following public health advice are key to stopping mumps from spreading and lessening its effects on people and communities.


Mumps Got You Down? Get Back Up with Our Expert Guidance! Ask a Free Mumps Question . Reach out to us at +91 9667064100.


Frequently Asked Questions (Faqs):


  • What are mumps?

Mumps is a contagious viral infection that affects the salivary glands, causing swelling and pain around the jaw.


  • How do mumps spread?

Mumps spreads through saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat of an infected person. This can happen when they cough, sneeze, or talk.


  • What are the symptoms of mumps?

Symptoms include swelling and pain in the cheeks or jaw, fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite.


  • How can I prevent mumps?

The best way to prevent mumps is by getting vaccinated with the MMR vaccine, which protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.


  • What should I do if I think I have mumps?

If you have symptoms of mumps, see a doctor right away. They can confirm the diagnosis and recommend treatment.


  • How to cure mumps?

There's no specific treatment for mumps, but getting plenty of rest, drinking fluids, and taking pain relievers can help ease symptoms.


  • How long does mumps last?

Mumps usually last about 1-2 weeks, but the swelling in the glands can take longer to go down.


  • Is mumps dangerous

Mumps can lead to complications like meningitis, encephalitis, or hearing loss, especially in adults. That's why it's important to get vaccinated.


  • Can I go to school or work if I have mumps?

It's best to stay home until the swelling goes down and you're no longer contagious, usually about 5 days after symptoms start.


  • What should I do if there's a mumps outbreak in my community?

Follow guidelines from public health officials, make sure you and your family are vaccinated, and practice good hygiene like washing your hands frequently to prevent spreading the virus.


  • What causes mumps in adults?

Mumps is caused by the mumps virus, which is highly contagious and spreads through respiratory droplets from coughing, sneezing, or sharing utensils with an infected person.


  • How long does mumps last in adults?

In adults, mumps usually lasts for a similar duration as in children, about 7 to 10 days on average.


  • Can we eat eggs in mumps?

Yes, there are no restrictions on eating eggs during mumps. However, it's essential to maintain a nutritious diet to support recovery.


  • Is mumps a communicable disease?

Yes, mumps is a highly communicable viral infection, meaning it can easily spread from person to person through close contact or respiratory droplets.


  • Can you get mumps twice?

It is rare, but it is possible to get mumps more than once. However, having mumps once usually provides lifelong immunity against future infections.


  • How much time does mumps take to recover?

Most people recover from mumps within 7 to 10 days, although some may experience symptoms for up to 2 weeks.


  • Can we eat ice cream during mumps?

Yes, there are no specific dietary restrictions for eating ice cream during mumps. However, it's essential to consume a balanced diet that includes plenty of fluids and nutrients to support recovery.


  • Can we eat chicken during mumps?

Yes, there are no specific dietary restrictions for eating chicken during mumps. It's essential to focus on maintaining a balanced diet to support overall health and recovery.


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