Fracture Surgery

A fracture is a broken bone. The bone can be partially broken from one side or completely broken into pieces Car Accidents, Falls, Twisting, Sports Injury are a few common reasons that cause fracture.

At Felix hospital Consult the best Orthopaedic doctor to get the best treatment for Fractures at Felix Hospital.

Types of Fractures-

  • Avulsion fracture – Is a muscle or ligament pulls on the bone
  • Comminute fracture - The bone is broken into many pieces.
  • Compression (crush) fracture - It occurs in the soft bone in the spine.
  • Fracture dislocation - The join/s is dislocated and has a fracture.
  • Greenstick fracture - In this type, the bone is partially broken from one side. This type of fracture is common among children as their bones are softer and elastic.
  • Hairline fracture – Is also a partial fracture of the bone.
  • Impacted fracture - when the bone is fractured, one fragment of bone goes into another.
  • Intraarticular fracture - where the break extends into the surface of a joint
  • Longitudinal fracture - the break is along the length of the bone.
  • Oblique fracture - a fracture that is diagonal to a bone's long axis.
  • Pathological fracture – In this type of fracture, the bones get weakened due to existing disease or condition
  • Spiral fracture - a fracture where at least one part of the bone has been twisted.
  • Stress fracture - more common among athletes. A bone breaks because of repeated stresses and strains.
  • Torus (buckle) fracture - bone deforms but does not crack. More common in children. It is painful but stable.
  • Transverse fracture - a straight break right across a bone.

Common Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms include-

Pain Swelling Bruising
Discoloured skin around the affected area The affected area may be bent at an unusual angle The patient is unable to put weight on the injured area
The patient cannot move the affected area The affected bone or joint may have a grating sensation Bleeding in case of open fractures
Dizziness Nausea and sickness feeling  

Causes

Some of the common causes of Fracture include –

  • Bad fall
  • Automobile accident
  • Underlying illness and conditions
  • Stress

How to Prevent It

Below are some of the ways to prevent it-

  • Include enough calcium in your diet - Calcium is important for keeping your bones strong. Milk, cheese, yoghurt, and dark green leafy vegetables are some of the sources of calcium.
  • Intake of Vitamin D – Adequate amount of Vitamin D is needed to absorb calcium. Sunlight is the best source for Vitamin D.
  • Being physical active – Include physical activity in your routine to strengthen your bones. Exercise like skipping, walking, running, and dancing is a good way to stay physically active.