A fracture is a broken bone. The bone can be partially broken from one side or completely broken into pieces Car Accidents, Falls, Twisting, Sports Injury are a few common reasons that cause fracture.
At Felix hospital Consult the best Orthopaedic doctor to get the best treatment for Fractures at Felix Hospital.
Types of Fractures-
- Avulsion fracture – Is a muscle or ligament pulls on the bone
- Comminute fracture - The bone is broken into many pieces.
- Compression (crush) fracture - It occurs in the soft bone in the spine.
- Fracture dislocation - The join/s is dislocated and has a fracture.
- Greenstick fracture - In this type, the bone is partially broken from one side. This type of fracture is common among children as their bones are softer and elastic.
- Hairline fracture – Is also a partial fracture of the bone.
- Impacted fracture - when the bone is fractured, one fragment of bone goes into another.
- Intraarticular fracture - where the break extends into the surface of a joint
- Longitudinal fracture - the break is along the length of the bone.
- Oblique fracture - a fracture that is diagonal to a bone's long axis.
- Pathological fracture – In this type of fracture, the bones get weakened due to existing disease or condition
- Spiral fracture - a fracture where at least one part of the bone has been twisted.
- Stress fracture - more common among athletes. A bone breaks because of repeated stresses and strains.
- Torus (buckle) fracture - bone deforms but does not crack. More common in children. It is painful but stable.
- Transverse fracture - a straight break right across a bone.
Some of the common symptoms include-
|Discoloured skin around the affected area
|The affected area may be bent at an unusual angle
|The patient is unable to put weight on the injured area
|The patient cannot move the affected area
|The affected bone or joint may have a grating sensation
|Bleeding in case of open fractures
|Nausea and sickness feeling
Some of the common causes of Fracture include –
- Bad fall
- Automobile accident
- Underlying illness and conditions
How to Prevent It
Below are some of the ways to prevent it-
- Include enough calcium in your diet - Calcium is important for keeping your bones strong. Milk, cheese, yoghurt, and dark green leafy vegetables are some of the sources of calcium.
- Intake of Vitamin D – Adequate amount of Vitamin D is needed to absorb calcium. Sunlight is the best source for Vitamin D.
- Being physical active – Include physical activity in your routine to strengthen your bones. Exercise like skipping, walking, running, and dancing is a good way to stay physically active.