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Heart Attack

Heart attack, or myocardial infarction, is a life-threatening condition that occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked for a long enough time that part of the heart muscle is damaged or dies. Immediate and effective treatment is crucial for survival and recovery. Felix Hospital stands at the forefront of providing cutting-edge heart attack surgery, ensuring patients receive the highest standard of care and the best possible outcomes.

We have the best and most Experienced Cardiologist at Felix Hospital for treating a heart attacks.

What is Heart Attack?

A heart attack occurs primarily due to coronary artery disease (CAD), where the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become narrowed or blocked by the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (plaques). When a plaque ruptures, it forms a blood clot that can completely block the artery, cutting off the blood supply to part of the heart muscle.

At Felix Hospital, our experienced cardiologists and cardiac surgeons are well-versed in diagnosing and treating coronary artery disease. We employ advanced diagnostic tools and techniques to identify the extent of arterial blockages and determine the most appropriate treatment approach for each patient.

Causes Of Heart Attack

Factors that increase the risk for attack include – 

  • High Cholesterol level – It increases the chances of blood clots in the arteries
  • Age – The risk of heart attack rises post 45 years
  • Hypertension/High BP
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking and Drinking

Common Symptoms of Heart Attack

Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack is critical for prompt medical intervention. Common symptoms include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, cold sweats, and pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, back, or arms. Felix Hospital emphasizes the importance of early detection and encourages patients to seek immediate medical help if they experience any of these symptoms.

Types of Heart Attack Surgeries at Felix Hospital

1. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is one of the most common heart attack surgeries performed at Felix Hospital. During CABG, a surgeon takes a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body (usually the leg, arm, or chest) and uses it to create a new pathway around the blocked coronary artery. This bypass restores normal blood flow to the heart muscle.

Felix Hospital’s Cardiac Surgery team has extensive experience in performing CABG, utilizing the latest techniques and technologies to ensure the best possible outcomes. Our state-of-the-art operating rooms are equipped with advanced monitoring and surgical equipment, allowing for precision and safety during the procedure.

2. Angioplasty and Stent Placement

Angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a minimally invasive procedure performed to open blocked coronary arteries. During angioplasty, a catheter with a small balloon on its tip is inserted into the blocked artery. The balloon is then inflated to widen the artery, and a stent (a small mesh tube) is placed to keep the artery open.

At Felix Hospital, angioplasty and stent placement are performed by skilled interventional cardiologists who specialize in minimally invasive techniques. This procedure offers a quicker recovery time compared to traditional surgery and is often used for patients with less severe blockages.

3. Valve Replacement Surgery

In some cases, a heart attack can damage the heart valves, leading to valve dysfunction. Valve replacement surgery involves replacing a damaged valve with a prosthetic valve to restore normal heart function. Felix Hospital offers both mechanical and biological valve replacements, tailored to the specific needs of the patient.

Our Cardiac surgeons at Felix Hospital are highly experienced in valve replacement procedures, ensuring patients receive the most appropriate and effective treatment for their condition.

Pre-Surgery Evaluation and Preparation

Before undergoing heart attack surgery, patients at Felix Hospital undergo a thorough evaluation to assess their overall health and determine the most suitable surgical approach. This includes a detailed medical history, physical examination, blood tests, imaging studies (such as echocardiograms and angiograms), and consultations with our multidisciplinary team of cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, anesthesiologists, and other specialists.

Felix Hospital prioritizes patient education and involvement in the treatment process. Our medical team provides comprehensive information about the surgery, potential risks, benefits, and post-operative care, ensuring patients and their families are well-informed and prepared for the procedure.

Post-Surgery Care and Rehabilitation

Recovery from heart attack surgery involves a combination of medical care, lifestyle changes, and rehabilitation. Felix Hospital offers a comprehensive post-operative care program designed to support patients during their recovery journey. This includes:

1. Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Monitoring

Immediately after surgery, patients are closely monitored in the ICU to ensure stable heart function, blood pressure, and overall recovery. Felix Hospital’s ICU is equipped with advanced monitoring systems and staffed by experienced critical care specialists who provide round-the-clock care.

2. Cardiac Rehabilitation

Cardiac rehabilitation is a crucial component of post-surgery recovery. Felix Hospital’s cardiac rehabilitation program includes supervised exercise, nutritional counseling, stress management, and education on heart-healthy lifestyle changes. Our team of physiotherapists, dietitians, and counselors work collaboratively to help patients regain strength, improve cardiovascular health, and reduce the risk of future heart problems.

3. Medication Management

After heart attack surgery, patients are often prescribed medications to manage blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and prevent blood clots. Felix Hospital’s cardiologists carefully tailor medication regimens to each patient’s needs, ensuring optimal management of their heart condition.

How to Prevent It

Heart attack can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle which includes-

  • Eating a balanced and healthy diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • No smoking and drinking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Keep Blood pressure and cholesterol level under control
  • Having a good night's sleep
  • Reduce stress levels


Heart attack surgery is a critical intervention that can save lives and significantly improve the quality of life for patients with severe coronary artery disease. Felix Hospital is committed to providing exceptional heart attack surgery and comprehensive cardiac care, ensuring that patients receive the best possible outcomes. With our expert medical team, state-of-the-art facilities, and patient-centered approach, Felix Hospital stands as a leading destination for heart attack treatment and recovery. Choose Felix Hospital for your cardiac care needs and take the first step towards a healthier heart and a brighter future.


1. What are the different types of surgeries performed for treating a heart attack?
Ans. The main types of surgeries performed for treating a heart attack include:

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, which creates a new route for blood to flow around blocked arteries.
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or angioplasty, which opens up blocked arteries by using a balloon or stent.
  • Atherectomy, which removes plaque buildup from the arteries.

2. How does the patient's age and overall health condition affect the success rate of heart attack surgery?
Ans. Older patients and those with underlying health conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, or lung disease tend to have a higher risk of complications and a lower success rate from heart attack surgery. However, each case is evaluated individually, and the potential benefits are weighed against the risks.

3. What are the potential risks and complications associated with heart attack surgery?
Ans. Potential risks and complications include bleeding, infection, irregular heart rhythms, stroke, kidney problems, and heart attack or heart failure during or after the surgery.

4. How does the heart attack surgery cost vary depending on the hospital and location?
Ans. The cost of heart attack surgery can vary significantly depending on the hospital, location, type of procedure, and the patient's insurance coverage. In India, the average cost for CABG surgery ranges from ₹60,000 to ₹1,00,000, while angioplasty can cost between ₹1,00,000 to ₹5,00,000. It's essential to consult with hospitals and healthcare providers to understand the specific costs and factors involved.

5. Are there any minimally invasive surgical options available for heart attack patients?
Ans. Yes, minimally invasive techniques like robotic-assisted surgery and catheter-based procedures are becoming more common for treating heart attacks. These options involve smaller incisions and can lead to faster recovery times.

6. What is the typical hospital stay duration after undergoing heart attack surgery?
Ans. The typical hospital stay after heart attack surgery can range from 4 to 7 days for minimally invasive procedures and 7 to 10 days for more extensive surgeries like CABG.

7. How soon can a patient resume normal activities after heart attack surgery?
Ans. Most patients can resume light activities within 4 to 6 weeks after heart attack surgery, but it may take 2 to 3 months to fully recover and return to strenuous activities or work.

8. Are there any alternative or complementary therapies recommended for recovery after heart attack surgery?
Ans. Cardiac rehabilitation programs, which include exercise, education, and counseling, are often recommended to aid recovery and prevent future heart problems. Some patients may also incorporate complementary therapies like yoga, meditation, or dietary changes.

9. What are the long-term lifestyle changes required after heart attack surgery?
Ans. Long-term lifestyle changes typically recommended after heart attack surgery include maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking, managing stress, and adhering to prescribed medications.

10. How often are follow-up appointments and monitoring necessary for patients who have undergone heart attack surgery?
Ans. Follow-up appointments with the cardiologist or surgeon are typically scheduled at regular intervals (e.g., every 3 to 6 months) to monitor the patient's recovery, check for any complications, and make necessary adjustments to treatment or lifestyle recommendations.