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Prostate Gland Enlargement

Prostate gland enlargement, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition affecting men as they age. The prostate gland, which is located below the bladder and surrounds the urethra, tends to grow larger with age, potentially causing urinary symptoms and affecting the quality of life. At Felix Hospital, we provide comprehensive care for prostate gland enlargement, offering advanced diagnostics, personalized treatment plans, prostate surgery cost, and supportive care to help patients manage their symptoms effectively.

Felix Hospital is always available to assist you. Contact us at +91 9667064100.

 

What is Prostate Gland Enlargement?

Prostate gland enlargement occurs when the cells of the prostate begin to multiply, leading to a gradual increase in the size of the prostate. This enlargement can squeeze the urethra, causing urinary problems such as difficulty starting urination, weak urine flow, and frequent urination, especially at night. While BPH is not cancerous, it can significantly impact a man's daily life and requires appropriate medical attention.

 

Common Symptoms of Prostate Gland Enlargement


Men with an enlarged prostate may experience a variety of urinary symptoms, including:

  • Frequent urination, especially during the night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting urination (hesitancy)
  • Weak or interrupted urine stream
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Urinary urgency and incontinence
  • Pain or discomfort during urination

 

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of prostate gland enlargement is not well understood, but several factors may contribute to its development:

  • Aging: The risk of BPH increases as men age, particularly after the age of 50.
  • Hormonal Changes: Changes in male sex hormones, such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), may play a role in prostate growth.
  • Family History: A family history of BPH can increase the risk of developing the condition.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Obesity, lack of physical activity, and poor diet can contribute to the risk of BPH.
     

Treatment Options for Prostate Gland Enlargement

At Felix Hospital, our multidisciplinary team tailors treatment plans to each patient's needs, focusing on relieving symptoms and improving quality of life. Treatment options include:

Lifestyle Modifications

  • Dietary Changes: Reduce caffeine and alcohol intake, which can irritate the bladder.
  • Fluid Management: Drink fluids at specific times to reduce nighttime urination.
  • Bladder Training: Techniques to improve bladder control and reduce urgency.

 

Medications

  • Alpha Blockers: Relax the muscles of the prostate and bladder neck to improve urine flow (e.g., tamsulosin, alfuzosin).
  • 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitors: Reduce the size of the prostate by blocking hormone conversion (e.g., finasteride, dutasteride).
  • Combination Therapy: Using both alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for better symptom relief.

 

Minimally Invasive Procedures

  • Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy (TUMT): Uses microwave energy to destroy excess prostate tissue.
  • Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA): Uses radiofrequency energy to heat and shrink prostate tissue.
  • Prostatic Urethral Lift (PUL): Implants are used to lift and hold the enlarged prostate tissue away from the urethra.

 

Surgical Options

  • Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP): Removes excess prostate tissue through the urethra.
  • Laser Surgery: Uses high-energy lasers to remove or vaporize prostate tissue (e.g., HoLEP, GreenLight laser).
  • Open or Robotic-Assisted Prostatectomy: Removal of the prostate gland in more severe cases.

 

Diagnosis at Felix Hospital

At Felix Hospital, we use advanced diagnostic techniques to accurately assess prostate gland enlargement and determine the best course of treatment:

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)

  • Purpose: Allows the doctor to feel the size and shape of the prostate.
  • Procedure: The doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to examine the prostate.
  • Significance: Helps detect abnormalities and assess prostate enlargement.

 

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test

  • Purpose: Measures the level of PSA in the blood.
  • Procedure: A blood sample is taken and analyzed for PSA levels.
  • Significance: Elevated PSA levels can indicate prostate enlargement, inflammation, or cancer.

 

Urine Flow Study

  • Purpose: Measures the strength and amount of urine flow.
  • Procedure: The patient urinates into a special device that records the flow rate and volume.
  • Significance: Helps assess the severity of urinary symptoms and obstruction.

 

Postvoid Residual Volume Test

  • Purpose: Determines the amount of urine left in the bladder after urination.
  • Procedure: An ultrasound or a catheter is used to measure the residual urine.
  • Significance: High residual volume indicates incomplete bladder emptying.

 

Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS)

  • Purpose: Provides detailed images of the prostate.
  • Procedure: A small ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum to capture images of the prostate.
  • Significance: Helps evaluate prostate size and detect abnormalities.

 

Cystoscopy

  • Purpose: Allows direct visualization of the urethra and bladder.
  • Procedure: A thin, flexible tube with a camera (cystoscope) is inserted through the urethra.
  • Significance: Helps identify blockages and assess the condition of the urinary tract.
     

Cost of Prostate Operation

The prostate operation cost can vary based on several factors, including the type of procedure, the hospital's location, the surgeon's expertise, and the patient's specific medical needs.

 

Why Choose Felix Hospital for Prostate Gland Enlargement Treatment?

  • Expertise: Our experienced urologists specialize in diagnosing and treating prostate conditions.
  • Comprehensive Care: From initial assessment to treatment and follow-up care.
  • Advanced Technology: State-of-the-art diagnostic tools and treatment options.
  • Patient-Centered Approach: Personalized care plans tailored to individual needs.
  • Supportive Care: Includes nutritional counseling, physical therapy, and educational resources.

Exceptional Care Awaits at Felix Hospital,  Call now - +91 9667064100 for more information.

 

Prostate gland enlargement, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common and manageable condition that can significantly impact a man's quality of life. At Felix Hospital, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive, patient-centered care for prostate gland enlargement. Our expert urologists utilize advanced diagnostic tools and state-of-the-art treatment options to create personalized care plans tailored to each patient's unique needs. From lifestyle modifications and medications to minimally invasive procedures and surgical options, we offer a wide range of treatments to effectively manage symptoms and improve our patients' quality of life.

 

FAQs about Prostate Gland Enlargement

 

  • How to fix an enlarged prostate?

There are several treatment options for an enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). These include:

  1. Medications: Alpha-blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are commonly prescribed to relieve symptoms and shrink the prostate.
  2. Minimally invasive procedures: Techniques like transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), laser therapies, and prostatic urethral lift can remove or shrink prostate tissue.
  3. Surgery: In severe cases, a prostatectomy (surgical removal of the prostate) may be recommended.

 

  • How to shrink a prostate fast?

While there is no guaranteed way to shrink the prostate quickly, certain medications like 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutasteride) can help reduce prostate size over time. However, it's essential to consult with a urologist to determine the most appropriate treatment plan.

 

  • What is the main cause of prostate enlargement?

The primary cause of prostate enlargement is an age-related hormonal imbalance. As men get older, the prostate gland can become enlarged due to the continued production of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone that promotes prostate growth.

 

  • Is it okay to live with an enlarged prostate?

Living with an enlarged prostate is possible, but it's important to manage the symptoms and seek treatment if they become bothersome or severe. Untreated, an enlarged prostate can lead to complications such as urinary tract infections, bladder stones, and kidney damage.

 

  • What is the best drink to shrink the prostate?

While there is no single "best" drink to shrink the prostate, certain beverages may help alleviate symptoms or support prostate health:

  1. Green tea: Contains antioxidants that may help reduce inflammation and slow prostate growth.
  2. Pomegranate juice: Rich in polyphenols that may inhibit prostate cancer and BPH progression.
  3. Tomato juice: Contains lycopene, an antioxidant associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer and BPH.
  4. Water: Staying hydrated can help flush out toxins and reduce the risk of urinary tract infections.