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Birth Defect

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What Are Birth Defects?

Birth defects meaning abnormal changes in body growth that occur during fetal development. These changes can affect any part of a child's body. Healthcare providers can detect birth defects during pregnancy, after birth, or later in a child's life. Most birth defects are identified within the first year of a child's life, although not all are immediately visible.

The impact of birth defects varies. While some can be life-threatening, others might only affect appearance or certain bodily functions like thinking, movement, and overall function.

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Examples Of Birth Defects

Here is a common birth defects list during fetal development.

  • Cleft lip and/or cleft palate
  • Bone growth abnormalities causing short stature, missing limbs, or scoliosis
  • Congenital heart conditions
  • Chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome
  • Clubfoot
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Sickle cell anemia

Birth defects are quite common. A baby is born with a birth defect every four and a half minutes. This means that 1 in every 33 babies, or about 120,000 babies each year, are born with some type of birth defect.

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Causes Of Birth Defects

Researchers have identified causes of birth defects, but for many, the exact cause remains unknown. Most birth defects are believed to result from a complex mix of factors, including:

  • Genetics
  • Chromosomal problems
  • Exposure to harmful substances
  • Infections during pregnancy
  • Nutrient deficiencies

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How To Avoid Birth Defects During Pregnancy?

  • If you want to know about how to avoid birth defects during pregnancy, learn more here for normal pregnancy tips. While most birth defects cannot be completely prevented, you can take steps to promote a healthy pregnancy:
  • Regularly visit your healthcare provider.
    If you're trying to conceive or are sexually active without contraception, take a prenatal vitamin with 400 mcg of folic acid.
  • Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you think you're pregnant.
    Avoid alcohol.
  • Discuss any medications and supplements you're taking with your healthcare provider.
    Avoid using any drugs not prescribed by your provider.

If you're considering plastic surgery in Noida, trust the expertise and compassionate care of the Department of Plastic Surgery at Felix Hospital. Schedule your consultation today and take the first step towards achieving your desired appearance and embracing a more confident you. If you are looking for Best Hospital for Plastic Surgery, look no further than Felix Hospitals.

Schedule a consultation with our Plastic Surgeon Team at Felix Hospital. Call us at +91 9667064100.


In today's world, Plastic Surgery offers individuals the opportunity to enhance their appearance and boost their confidence. The Department of Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery at Felix Hospital in Noida provides comprehensive services to restore, reconstruct, and enhance physical features, improving patients' quality of life. Birth defects, which occur during fetal development, can affect any part of the body and vary in severity. While many birth defects' causes are unknown, promoting a healthy pregnancy through proper prenatal care is crucial. Trust the experienced team at Felix Hospital for exceptional plastic surgery care and support. Schedule your consultation today for personalized, top-quality treatment.


Faqs On Birth Defects

What are the 10 most common birth defects?
Ans. The 10 most common birth defects include heart defects, cleft lip and/or palate, Down syndrome, spina bifida, clubfoot, congenital dislocated hip, cystic fibrosis, cerebral palsy, sickle cell disease, and congenital hearing loss.


What causes birth defects?
Ans. Birth defects can be caused by a combination of genetic factors, chromosomal problems, environmental exposures, infections during pregnancy, and lack of essential nutrients like folic acid.


Can birth defects be cured?
Ans. Some birth defects can be treated or managed with surgery, medication, therapy, or other medical interventions. However, not all birth defects can be completely cured.


How to eliminate birth defects?
Ans. While it's not possible to eliminate all birth defects, steps to promote a healthy pregnancy include taking prenatal vitamins, avoiding alcohol and drugs, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and getting regular prenatal care.


Is there any treatment for birth defects?
Ans. Yes, there are treatments for many birth defects, including surgeries, medications, physical therapy, and other medical interventions to improve the quality of life for those affected.


Can birth defects be passed down?
Ans. Yes, some birth defects can be inherited, meaning they are passed down from parents to their children through genes.


Does plastic surgery affect birth?
Ans. Plastic surgery performed on a mother does not generally affect the birth of a child. However, it's essential to discuss any medical history with your healthcare provider.


What is cosmetic surgery for birth defects?
Ans. Cosmetic surgery for birth defects involves surgical procedures to correct or improve physical abnormalities, enhancing both function and appearance.


Can plastic surgery fix deformities?
Ans. Yes, plastic surgery can often fix or improve physical deformities, helping individuals lead more normal lives both functionally and aesthetically.


Can you do plastic surgery on a baby?
Ans. In some cases, plastic surgery can be performed on babies to correct congenital deformities, such as cleft lip and palate, to improve function and appearance early in life.