Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a kind of arthritis defined as a joint inflammation resulting from cartilage degeneration. Cartilage is a protein substance that serves as a "cushion" between the bones of the joints.
It commonly affects the hands, feet, spine, hips, and knees.

Common Symptoms

The most common signs are-

  • Joint pain
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness in joints
  • Loss of flexibility
  • Grating sensation
  • Bone spurs

Causes

It is primarily caused due to the natural aging of the joint. Other causes include family history, being overweight, Fractures or other joint injuries, and playing sports that involve a direct impact on the joint

How to Prevent It

There are some lifestyle changes that one needs to adopt for better joint health

  • Exercise regularly – Low impact exercise helps in maintaining healthy joints, reduces stiffness
  • Rest – Always take adequate rest, especially if your joints are swollen or aching.
  • Maintain your Weight – Having a healthy weight puts less pressure on the joints.
  • Keep your blood sugar under check

Treatment

The treatment varies from person to person depending upon the condition and pain level. With regular physiotherapy, functional ability and mobility can be maximized. Visit the hospital to get treatment from the best physiotherapist.