Kidney Stones

Kidney stones occur when certain wastes such as salts and minerals stick to the inner lining of the kidneys. These wastes accumulate and form hard deposits like stones. The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own.

If it is smaller than 5 mm (1/5 inch), there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention. If the stone is between 5 mm and 10 mm, the odds are 50%.

Common Symptoms

Foul urine smell Lower abdominal pain
Pain in belly Urge to urinate
Blood in urine  

Causes

There are no specific causes for forming a kidney stone. They form when the urine contains more of crystals such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid. Some of causes may include-

Hereditary or family history – If someone in the family have a history of stone, then chances are high for you develop one.

Personal history – If you previously had history then chances of developing the kidney stones are high

Dehydration – Drinking less water increases chances of forming kidney stones.

Stomach and Digestive problems

Prolonged medical condition

Diet rich in sodium, sugar, protein – These types of diets build more calcium into the body, which further increases work of kidney and chances of forming stones.

How to Prevent It

  • Always stay hydrated
  • Take diet rich in calcium and Vitamin C
  • Consume Less Sodium
  • Reduce intake of animal protein from the diet