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Diabetic Diagnosis and Tests

  • A1C – It is a blood test that provides the average of your sugar levels in the last 3 months.
    • A1C range (percentage form) - Normal – Below 5.7, Prediabetic – 5.7-6.4%, Diabetic – 6.5 or above
  • Blood Glucose Test
    • You will need to fast 8 hours before your blood sample is taken
    • Other names for this test are SMBG, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG), Fasting Blood Suger (FBS), Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
  • Glucose in urine Test – This test checks for glucose levels in your urine.
    • Generally, glucose is not found in urine. But if it is found, it indicates Diabetes, pregnancy, or kidney disorder.
  • Ketones in Blood – If your body does not produce enough glucose, it starts making Ketones. A high ketone level can lead to complications for diabetics, such as coma or death.
  • Ketones in Urine – This test monitors ketones levels in urine if you have Diabetes. High Ketone levels in urine should seek medical help before it gets too late.
  • Microalbumin Test – This is a urine test to detect trim blood protein levels known as albumin. This test helps to detect early signs of kidney damage.