Book Appointment


Menstruation commonly known as Periods is part of a monthly cycle. When a female reaches her puberty (12-14 years of age), she experiences menstrual bleeding through her vaginas every month until menopause age (i.e. approx. 50+ years)

What and How it happens?

A monthly cycle is divided into various phases. Each month the body prepares itself for a possible pregnancy. The uterus lining becomes thick and rich in blood vessel and nutrients. Around mid of the cycle (approx. 14-15 day of the cycle), an egg is released from one of its ovaries which passes through the fallopian tube and reaches Uterus. During this process, the egg gets fertilized if sperm is present in the fallopian tube and thus leads to pregnancy. If the pregnancy does not occur then the blood and tissue is shed from the uterus in the form of menstrual bleeding which lasts from 3-8 days. And then again, the monthly cycle begins as Day 1 of the cycle.

Monthly Cycle

The length of the cycle from the first day of the period until the last day can vary from 21-35 days. The cycle timings can be different for every female and can also change over time depending upon a lot of factors.

A female undergoes a lot of hormonal changes during her cycle period which can further lead into -

  • Abdominal or pelvic cramping pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Bloating and sore breasts
  • Food cravings
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Headache and fatigue

At Felix hospital, we have the best gynaecologist and obstetrician to guide you during your difficult times.