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A seizure is when a person faces sudden and uncontrolled disturbances (electrical activity) in the brain. It can result in dramatic changes in a person's behavior, feelings, and consciousness levels. 

Types of seizure

Seizures can be categorized into 3 types:

Focal Onset Seizures: It usually occurs in a small area but can affect larger brain areas.

Generalized Onset Seizures: these happen on both sides of the brain. Some of the common types are-Tonic, Clonic, Mayoclonic, Absence, Atonic

Unknown Onset Seizures: It falls under this category when the reason is unknown medically.



It can be due to many health conditions like:

  • Epilepsy
  • Electric shock
  • Brain injury (during birth)
  • Brain infections such as Meningitis 
  • Brain Tumour
  • Choking
  • Substance withdrawal
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • Stroke
  • Violent shaking



Some of the signs of seizure include:

  • Losing consciousness
  • Having uncontrolled muscle contractions
  • Biting the tongue
  • Gritting your teeth
  • Having rapid eye movement
  • Having strange taste
  • Falling
  • Dizziness
  • Change in vision


How to prevent it

Seizures are difficult to prevent, but following a good lifestyle can reduce risk.