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Diabetic Diagnosis and Tests
- A1C – It is a blood test that provides the average of your sugar levels in the last 3 months.
- A1C range (percentage form) - Normal – Below 5.7, Prediabetic – 5.7-6.4%, Diabetic – 6.5 or above
- Blood Glucose Test
- You will need to fast 8 hours before your blood sample is taken
- Other names for this test are SMBG, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG), Fasting Blood Suger (FBS), Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
- Glucose in urine Test – This test checks for glucose levels in your urine.
- Generally, glucose is not found in urine. But if it is found, it indicates Diabetes, pregnancy, or kidney disorder.
- Ketones in Blood – If your body does not produce enough glucose, it starts making Ketones. A high ketone level can lead to complications for diabetics, such as coma or death.
- Ketones in Urine – This test monitors ketones levels in urine if you have Diabetes. High Ketone levels in urine should seek medical help before it gets too late.
- Microalbumin Test – This is a urine test to detect trim blood protein levels known as albumin. This test helps to detect early signs of kidney damage.