Frozen shoulder is a common condition in which the shoulder stiffens, reducing its mobility. It commonly affects people aged between 40 and 60 years, and it is more likely in women than in men. It is estimated to affect about 3 percent of people. It can affect one or both shoulders.

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A person with a frozen shoulder will have a persistently painful and stiff shoulder joint.

Symptoms are usually classified into three stages, as they worsen gradually and may take a longer period to resolve as long as 2 to 3 year period.

  • Freezing, or painful stage: Pain increases gradually, making shoulder motion harder and harder. Pain tends to be worse at night. This stage can last from 6 weeks to 9 months.
  • Frozen: Pain does not worsen, and it may decrease at this stage. The shoulder remains stiff. It can last from 4 to 6 months, and movement may be restricted.
  • Thawing: Movement gets easier and may eventually return to normal. 


The shoulder comprises three bones: The shoulder blade, the collarbone, and the upper arm bone. 

Frozen shoulder is thought to happen when scar tissue forms in the shoulder. This causes the shoulder joint's capsule to thicken and tighten, leaving less room for movement. Movement may become stiff and painful.


Basic Exercise which one can follow-

Frequent, gentle exercise can prevent and possibly reverse stiffness in the shoulder. Exercises should always be guided by the specialist/physical therapist.

These 3 exercises below that can help you with frozen shoulder.

  • Crossover arm stretch - Holding the upper arm of the affected side, gently pull the arm across in front of you, under the chin. Hold for 30 seconds. Relax and repeat.
  • Pendulum stretch - Stand with the shoulders relaxed. Lean forward with the hand of the unaffected arm resting on a table. Let the affected arm hang down vertically and swing in a small circle, around 1 foot in diameter. Increase the diameter over several days as you gain strength.
  • Towel stretch - Grab both ends of a towel behind your back. Pull the towel and the affected arm up toward the shoulder with the good arm. Repeat 10 to 20 times a day.

Consult your physiotherapist at Felix Hospital for any issues related to sprain, strain, postural correction, frozen shoulder, golfer elbow, trigger points management, lower back pain, neck pain, Arthritis.

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